The city lays on the banks of the Arno River and is worldwide known for its history and the importance it gained during the Middle Age as well as during the Renaissance period, when it was cradle of fine arts and architecture, to the point that it was called “The Athens of the Middle Age”.

Originally built by the Romans, Florence's fortune started during the Middle Age as a key european centre for trade and finance, and it bounded its success to the Medici family, who ruled de facto the city.

From 1865 to 1870 the city was also the capital of the Italian Kingdom, prior that it was moved to Rome.

The historical centre of Florence continues to attract millions of tourists each year and was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982.